Avocado may be the fruit of the evergreen tree Perseus americana (Persea americana) of the laurel loved ones (Lavraceae) from warm America. And avocados these are known as alligator pear, alligator of typically the pear.
Avocados contain at least 10 vitamins and 14 minerals and avocado calories half is simply too high. It contains plenty of vitamin At the – the most important antioxidant. The oily pulp of an avocado does not include heavy fats (all its fats are usually monounsaturated, like in olive oil) plus cholesterol. The pulp of a fresh fruit consists of 30% vegetable fat, which nourish in addition to repair tissue tissue. Avocado will help to forget concerning dry skin and return shine to dull hair. It is helpful to take in 1 avocado 2 times a week, in the wintertime – three occasions per week (if there are no difficulties with excess weight).
Types and varieties
There are about three kinds of avocado: Mexican, Guatemalan, and Western Indian.
The Mexican avocado has thin-skinned fruits, and typically the leaves from the woods, when rubbed, odor like anise. This is a cold-hardy culture that really does well at the subtropics. Avocado calories has large fruit with thick epidermis; these trees usually are more capricious and less cold-resistant. Probably the most delicate variety associated with avocado is typically the West Indian, cultivated mainly within the tropics.
All modern avocado varieties may date back to these three types. Regarding example, the Mexicola and Puebla types cultivated by European gardeners are Mexican, and the Fuerte variety is the hybrid of Mexican and Guatemalan avocados.
In general, you will find about 400 varieties of avocados in typically the world, they fluctuate in shape (round, pear-shaped or oblong), size (from small , the size regarding a plum, to large, weighing upwards to a kilogram) and taste regarding the fruit. Typically the color of the peel can furthermore be different, coming from light green to be able to black and dark purple. In the majority of cases, avocados possibly remain green as they ripen, or vary from green to darker, sometimes even dark when ripe.
Typically the most common types that are usually located on the shelves regarding our stores usually are:
? gwen (Gwen), together with medium or huge fruits of the rounded or slightly rectangular shape, green bumpy skin and yellow-green flesh, that has a light egg flavor;
? zutano (Zutano), an elongated pear-shaped avocado along with a smooth, easily peeled green epidermis, the taste of white or yellowish flesh is a bit like a great apple;
? reed (Reed), with round or perhaps oblong fruits, thicker pimply dark environmentally friendly skin and light yellow-colored flesh, taste — with a hint of pear plus nut;
? fuerte (Fuerte), a pear-shaped fruit with a smooth shiny green pores and skin and a delicate sweetish creamy taste;
? Pinkerton (Pinkerton), fruit pointed pear-shaped with the green flaky epidermis, darkening as growth, and yellowish pulp with gentle fairly sweet taste;
? Hass (Hass), is the the majority of common, the simply commercially available all year round, oval fruit with a thick, in the mature form regarding a black-skinned plus white or yellow oily pulp in addition to nutty flavor;
? bread (Bacon), with oblong juicy fruits, protected with a easy thin dark environmentally friendly skin, the taste is weak;
? mexicola (Mexicola), cold-resistant, somewhat drought-resistant variety, which gives the highest yield in the Caucasus. Fruits evaluating up to one hundred g, dark purple, almost black when ripe, ripen in late August-September;
? puebla (Puebla), also a cold-resistant plant, ripens inside the Gagra region in November-December, has semi-ovate fruits with dark brown skin, weighing up in order to 200 g;
? Ettinger (Ettinger) has the shape of the pear with a great easy-to-release large bone fragments and soft pulp that melts in the mouth. Within Israel, from where avocados of this particular variety are exported to Russia, ettinger may be the first range of the season: this ripens by the beginning of autumn (haas, fuerte, pinkerton and reed in Israel ripen later).